Flora & Fauna: Sailana Kharmor Sanctuary
Sailana Kharmor Sanctuary, founded in June 1983, is a beautiful area of grasslands, all along and within its boundary. Six gently undulating low ridges gradually slope down towards a reservoir Gordhansagar, with the ruins of Ex-Maharaja’s hunting lodge on its bank. It’s dam forms one of the borders of the sanctuary and this area is called Shikarwadi. Sailana, Adwanya and Gordhanpura form other borders of this sanctuary; and their grazing lands and crop fields lie in between.

It is the only breeding place for an endangered species of bird, the Lesser Florican, whose present status is a cause for concern and whose ecology is little known. Noted Ornithologist Late Dr Salim Ali, “Birdman of India” had visited and mentioned about fauna of Sailana in his book.

The Climate and Ecology
The weather varies from very overcast, rainy and windy to hot, sunny and windless days. Floricans can be seen in both conditions and preferentially during mornings. Temperature varies from min 20 degree C to max 40 degree C. Humidity fluctuates between 40% and 70%, with highest humidity recorded during rains.

Floricans in Sailana thrive in a pure grassland habitat dotted with Butea bushes, less than one meter high. Animals occurring here are few and include Indian foxes, reptiles like black cobras, Striped Keelbacks, Monitor lizards, Agama minor, Calotes and some other, beside toads and fish in the reservoir. Birds of a grassland ecosystem – harriers, larks, pond heron, partridges and quails are plentifully seen.

The best time of year to visit the Sailana Sanctuary is from July To September.